The type of surgery that involves smaller cuts than we expect is known as Laparoscopic surgery. Due to this reason, the operation is also known as Keyhole surgery. This Laparoscopic surgery is performed with the help of a thin, slender tube-like a tool which is known as Laparoscope.
Laparoscopic surgery is referred to as one of the kinds of minimally invasive surgery. It is first used in the process of gall bladder surgery, along with the operation related to gynaecology. After a certain period, it is involved in the medicines of the small intestine, liver, kidney, and other organs.
What is Laparoscope?
This Laparoscope is attached with the tiny little video camera in it and also has a light in its end. The Laparoscope is used to analyse the internal organs present in the stomach during the surgery. When the Laparoscope inserted inside the stomach and thus helps in monitoring the internal organs, only in the absence of this tool, the surgeon may need to make large openings in your abdominal region instead of a small one.
How Is Laparoscopic surgery performed?
- In the conventional surgical method, the surgeon would make a large opening in the stomach. The size of this large cut will be from 6 inches to 12 inches long. It is made to require a specific amount of space to take a closer look at the internal organs of the patient.
- While after the invention of this laparoscopic surgery, it made the operation requires less amount of time to perform the procedure.
- In laparoscopic surgery, several small cuts or incisions are made on the abdominal region of the patient by the surgeon.
- The size of this small incision would not exceed than a half an inch.
- The Laparoscope is then inserted into the stomach with the help of one of the small incisions.
- Other specialized instruments are also inserted into the stomach through the other small incisions.
- Then the surgeon can perform the operation.
Why Is Laparoscopic surgery performed?
The pain in the abdominal and pelvic region can be identified and diagnosed with the help of this laparoscopic surgery. When other tests such as Ultrasound, CT scan, X rays, and MRI scans couldn’t get enough information about the source of pain, then the laparoscopic surgery will be recommended.
How to prepare for the Laparoscopic surgery?
Avoid taking any meals or drinks for a recommended time of about eight hours before the surgery. Always let the doctor know about the medications you have been using, such as anticoagulants, NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), or any vitamin and mineral supplements.
The doctor will recommend a few tests such as blood tests, urine analysis, electrocardiogram, or x-ray before performing the laparoscopy. Consult with your doctor before the surgery if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant.
What are the benefits and expected outcomes of Laparoscopic surgery?
Due to the small incisions, this surgery has got several benefits that the traditional surgery process. Some of the advantages are,
- As the incisions are small in size, the size of the scar will also be small.
- The scar will be healed quickly due to its small size.
- During the healing period, you will feel less pain when compared with standard surgery.
- You have to stay in the hospital only for a short period.
- You can quickly get the return to your normal activities as soon as possible.
- There will be fewer chances for scar production in internal organs.
- The recovery time will vary on the following conditions,
- The health condition of the patient
- The response of the patient to the surgery
The type of anaesthesia given to the patient