Bariatric surgery is one of the efficient operations which deals with making changes in your digestive system. Such changes will eventually help the patient to lose weight and get rid of obesity. The patient will be diagnosed with obesity when his or her Body Mass Index (BMI) is found to be more than 30.
What are the types of bariatric surgery?
The types of bariatric surgery methods have their benefits and applications. The doctor would recommend the type of surgery depends upon the patient’s health condition. Here is the list of different types of bariatric surgery.
Roux en Y gastric bypass: This is also known as a Roo-en-wy gastric bypass. It’s one of the most common gastric bypass processes. This surgery is not a reversible one. The absorption of nutrients and the intake of food will eventually get reduced after performing this surgery.
A cut will be made in the top of the stomach by the surgeon, and it seals it form the remaining portion of the stomach. The pouch is only a handful in size, and it can withhold only a less quantity of food. A part of the small intestine is cut by the surgeon and gets sewed with the pouch.
At first, the food we eat goes through the stomach. It then enters into the first section of the small intestine and then comes into its middle section directly.
Sleeve gastrectomy: A long, tube-shaped pouch is made by removing about 80% of your stomach with this sleeve gastrectomy. It made the stomach to hold less amount of food as much as possible. It also causes the low production of the Ghrelin, which is the appetite-regulating hormone.
The main advantage of this method is that it can cause an adequate amount of weight in an individual. There will be no rerouting of your small intestine. Another benefit is that it would require only a short time to stay in the hospital.
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch: Biliopancreatic diversion is one of the weight loss surgeries, which consists of two parts, as the name indicates.
In the first step, the surgeon will cut in the top region of your stomach and make it seal from the rest of the stomach part. About 80% part of the stomach is removed. The pouch is made which cannot hold a large quantity of food. The first step is similar to the procedure of sleeve gastrectomy.
In the second step, the end part of the small intestine is connected to the duodenum, which is present near the stomach. You will be noticed with a significant reduction in the absorption of both food and nutrients with the help of this surgery.
What are the benefits of Bariatric surgery?
- It induces positive changes in the gut hormones to which would reduce the appetite.
- Some of the types are proved to be potential against Diabetes condition.
- There are fewer risks of vitamin or mineral deficiency.
- It requires a short period, preferably only less than 24 hours to stay in the hospital.
- It can suppress hunger and improves satiety.
- The surgery influences the positive result in weight loss.
- It increases the expenditure of energy and can decrease the consumption of food, which can lead to significant weight loss.
What is the diet to be followed after the bariatric surgery?
During the first week of post-operative period, try to consume liquid drinks as much as possible to avoid dehydration. Don’t use any sugar in the liquid drinks to avoid any further complications. Avoid any caffeine carbonated beverages during this period.
After a week or two, you can move to the solid food items which should be soft and pureed. You should chew and eat the food fully and slowly. Always try to intake food items which are rich in protein content.
What are the expected results of Bariatric surgery?
The recovery time for the patient is based on the type of surgery and the overall health condition. The person can expect to have efficient weight loss when they had undergone gastric bypass and other bariatric surgical processes. The amount of weight you lose depends on the surgery that had been performed on you. It also depends on the change in your lifestyle and habits. Apart from involving in the weight issues, the operation also influences the other conditions too.