Gall Bladder Stones are small solid stones that are produced from the bile cholesterol and bilirubin in the cholesterol. Gall stones can be produced in any size, which can vary from tiny as a grain of sand to large as a golf ball.
The gall bladder is a small organ located under the liver. The gall bladder releases a fluid produced in the liver, which is known as bile. It helps in digestion and also carries away waste products like cholesterol and bilirubin due to the destruction of red blood cells. It would eventually lead to the development of Gall Bladder Stones
What are the types of Gall bladder stones?
There are two types of Gall stones as,
Cholesterol stones: These most commonly occurring stones are yellow-greenish in color, and it makes up to 80% of gallstones.
Pigment stones: The Pigment stones are small and darker in color, and they are made up of bilirubin.
What are the symptoms of Gall Bladder Stones?
- Pain in the abdomen (upper-right region)
- Nausea or vomiting
- Digestive problems, such as indigestion, heartburn, and gas.
- Shoulder pain or back pain
- Formation of dark urine
- Fever and chills
What are the causes of Gall Bladder Stones?
When the gall bladder doesn’t get emptied, the concentration of bile will get increased. This condition would eventually lead to the formation of Gall Bladder Stones
If the level of bilirubin is raised in an excessive amount in the bile, it will result in the development of Gall Bladder Stone. This bilirubin level exceeds due to health conditions such as cirrhosis, infections, and blood disorders.
The bile fluid, which is produced from the liver, is used to help in the digestion. Its normal function is to dissolve cholesterol. If the bile failed to dissolve it, the level of cholesterol would increase and will cause the production of Gall Bladder Stones.
How should the gall bladder stones be treated?
If the gall bladder stone doesn’t cause any symptoms, then it will get healed by itself. If the symptoms are painful, then it can be treated by the following methods,
Open Cholecystectomy: In case Gall Bladder Stones are present in the bile ducts, the doctor will remove during the surgery with the help of ERCP. The doctor will not perform the medicine if you have any other health condition and will give some oral medications to treat the problem. But it will take a few years to get rid of these stones completely.
- The doctor will make a large incision in the belly area of the patient.
- The gall bladder will be removed through this large cut. The patient should stay for the time being in the hospital.
Laparoscopic cholecstomy: Laparoscopic is one of the most commonly used methods to treat the Gall Bladder Stones.
- The surgeon will be made small incisions in the abdominal region of the patient.
- The laparoscope, a thin tube with a little camera and a light is inserted into the stomach along with other specialized tools through these small incisions.
- Then the gall bladder is removed safely through the incisions.
What is the diet plan to prevent Gall Bladder Stones?
In case the patient is not ready for the surgery yet to treat the gall bladder stones, the doctor would recommend a strict diet plan. The patient should consume deficient fat-containing food, which would help in reducing the growth of gall bladder stones.
The diet should be balanced with every essential nutrient. And the meal would not be able to cure the gall bladder stones, but it may influence to reduce the signs and symptoms caused by the gall bladder stones.
The diet plan would help to lower the risk of developing the Gall Bladder Stones. The patient should avoid high saturated foods such as butter and cheese. It would be better to consume more nuts varieties.